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An outbreak investigation of bacteraemia due to Burkholderia cepacia complex at the National Hospital of Sri Lanka

Authors:

S. Vathshalan ,

National Hospital Sri Lanka, LK
About S.
senior registrar in medical microbiology
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W. P. H. Abeydeera,

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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W. P. D. P. Perera,

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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N. Liyanage,

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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T. S. K. R. D. Caldera,

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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C. G. U. A. Patabendige

National Hospital of Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

Burkholderia cepacia complex (BCC) is an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised patients and well distributed in the natural environment. Nosocomial outbreaks of BCC are due to contaminated solutions and medical devices. However, in Sri Lanka, there have been no nosocomial outbreaks of BCC reported in the past. We report here an outbreak investigation of bacteraemia due to BCC in the wards and ICUs of the National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL) during the period of August 14th 2017 to September 13th 2017 which an extensive investigation traced to a contaminated nebulizer solution of a particular brand of ipratropium bromide. The blood culture isolates from the patients with bacteraemia and from the particular nebulizer solution were found to be identical and confirmed as BCC. There had been outbreaks in other hospitals with the same organism in the recent past but they were not able to find the common source for the outbreak. The incident was reported officially to the relevant authorities and other hospitals, and an alternative agent for the use of nebulization was strongly recommended to prevent further cases immediately.
How to Cite: Vathshalan, S., Abeydeera, W.P.H., Perera, W.P.D.P., Liyanage, N., Caldera, T.S.K.R.D. and Patabendige, C.G.U.A., 2017. An outbreak investigation of bacteraemia due to Burkholderia cepacia complex at the National Hospital of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases, 7(2), pp.106–110. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v7i2.8153
Published on 17 Oct 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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