Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Clinico-pathological correlation and outcome analysis of disseminated histoplasmosis treat...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Research Articles

Clinico-pathological correlation and outcome analysis of disseminated histoplasmosis treated with conventional amphotericin B.

Authors:

D. Modak ,

School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, IN
About D.

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR,TROPICAL MEDICINE

DEPUTY DIRECTOR, CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE IN HIV CARE, STM,KOLKATA

X close

N. Dutta,

CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE IN HIV CARE, SCHOOL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE,KOLKATA, IN
About N.
SENIOR MEDICAL OFFICER,COE,STM,KOLKATA
X close

R. De,

CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE IN HIV CARE, SCHOOL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE,KOLKATA, IN
About R.
NON CLINICAL RESERCH FELLOW, COE, STM ,KOLKATA
X close

S.K. Guha

STMIN
About S.K.

PROFESSOR, TROPICAL MEDICINE

DIRECTOR, COE,STM,KOLKATA

MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT CUM VICE PRINCIPAL,STM,KOLKATA

X close

Abstract

Introduction                                                                                                                            
Disseminated histoplasmosis is a treatable common opportunistic infection in HIV infected people and not uncommon in others in a tropical country like India. The objective of our study was to evaluate clinical-pathological correlation and treatment outcome of disseminated histoplasmosis treated with conventional Amphotericin B in an endemic area.

Material and methods
This was a retrospective observational study of twenty-two cases of disseminated histoplasmosis admitted to a tertiary care hospital from January 2009 to December 2012 and treated with Amphotericin B followed by oral Itraconazole therapy for one year. Results of treatment outcome including relapse and mortality were analyzed in January 2014.

Results
Histoplasmosis was diagnosed in patients with advanced HIV (72%) illness with a mean CD4 count of 63.43/l. Tuberculosis and diabetes were other co-morbid illnesses and it was less common among immunocompetent patients (9%). Fifty percent of the patients presented with cutaneous lesions along with systemic manifestations while 27% had only mucocutaneous lesions. Adrenal histoplasmosis (18%) was common in HIV negative subjects. HIV positive patients showed excellent response to Amphotericin B followed by Itraconazole therapy. In 27% HIV positive patients, the disease manifested as IRIS (immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome). Relapse was seen in 2(9%) patients. After one year of completion of therapy 16 patients were cured, 3 patients (13.6%) died in the early part of treatment and one was lost to follow up. Treatment response in HIV infected patients showed excellent results but long term maintenance itraconazole therapy was inevitable (12-32 months).

Conclusions
It is concluded that early diagnosis and treatment can prevent a fatal disease like disseminated histoplasmosis with conventional Amphotericin B followed by Itraconazole. Adrenal histoplasmosis was common among the HIV negative population. Extensive follow up is required to identify early relapse which may need further prolongation of therapy for cure.

How to Cite: Modak, D. et al., (2015). Clinico-pathological correlation and outcome analysis of disseminated histoplasmosis treated with conventional amphotericin B.. Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases. 5(2), pp.86–91. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v5i2.8080
Published on 27 Oct 2015.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus