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Research Articles

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of hand hygiene among final year medical and nursing students at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura

Authors:

MHJD Ariyarathne,

University of Sri Jayawardenepura, LK
About MHJD
Demonstrator, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura
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TDCP Gunasekara ,

University of Sri Jayawardenepura, LK
About TDCP

Senior Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayawardenepura

 

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MM Weerasekara,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About MM
Senior Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura
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J Kottahachchi,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura
About J
Senior Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura
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BP Kudavidanage,

Anuradhapura Teaching Hospital,, LK
About BP
Consultant Anaesthetist, Anuradhapura Teaching Hospital, Anuradhapura
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SSN Fernando

University of Sri Jayawardenepura, LK
About SSN
Professor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura
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Abstract

Effective hand hygiene is essential for reducing healthcare associated infections. However, compliance of healthcare workers to hand hygiene guidelines are reportedly poor. It is important therefore to instill adequate knowledge and good attitudes and practices at the time of primary training of the healthcare workers. This study was done to identify gaps in knowledge, attitudes and practices to improve existing training programs and enhance good practices and working ethics in the future. A self-administered questionnaire based cross sectional study was done to compare the knowledge, attitudes, practices and satisfaction of facilities between final year medical and nursing students of the Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Participants had moderate knowledge (77%) but attitudes, practices and satisfaction of facilities of all the participants was overall poor (<50%). However the nursing students had better knowledge (p=0.023), attitudes (p<0.001), practices (p<0.001) and satisfaction of facilities (p<0.001) compared with the medical students. The knowledge, attitudes, practices and satisfaction of facilities of medical and nursing students are unsatisfactory. The study shows the need for further improvement of the existing hand hygiene training programs to address the gaps in knowledge, attitudes and practices. Further, there is a need to improve the facilities available for hand hygiene and make them readily accessible for students at their training centers to enable them to engage in good practices which will be beneficial for them as doctors and nurses in the future.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v3i1.4761

How to Cite: Ariyarathne, M. et al., (2013). Knowledge, attitudes and practices of hand hygiene among final year medical and nursing students at the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases. 3(1), pp.15–25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v3i1.4761
Published on 06 Feb 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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