Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Melioidosis in Sri Lanka: an emerging infection

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Review Articles

Melioidosis in Sri Lanka: an emerging infection

Authors:

E Corea ,

Senior Lecturer, Dept of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
About E
,
X close

V Thevanesam,

Department of Microbiology Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

S Perera,

Teaching Hospital, Sri Jayawardenepura, Sri Lanka
X close

I Jayasinghe,

LK
X close

A Ekanayake,

Staff Technical Officer Department of Microbiology Faculty of Medicine University of Peradeniya, LK
X close

J Masakorala,

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, LK
X close

T J.J Inglis

School of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Allied Sciences, University of Western Australia and Department of Microbiology, PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia, AU
X close

Abstract

Melioidosis, a pyogenic infection that presents acutely or as a chronic infection, is caused by the soil-associated bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. Infection is acquired by inoculation or inhalation and is more common in patients with underlying chronic disease. It is endemic in the tropical belt. Although Sri Lanka is not considered as a country where melioidosis is endemic, an increasing number of cases have been reported recently. Definitive diagnosis requires the isolation of B. pseudomallei in culture from clinical specimens. However, the laboratory diagnosis of melioidosis in Sri Lanka and other under-resourced countries is limited by a lack of familiarity with the bacterium and a lack of facilities to accurately confirm the identity of the isolate. It is highly likely that melioidosis is under-diagnosed in this country. There is a need to increase awareness of this infection among clinicians and clinical microbiologists and improve laboratory facilities for the selective isolation and accurate identification of B.pseudomallei. In addition, studies are needed to determine the epidemiology of melioidosis in Sri Lanka.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v2i1.3801

Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases Vol.2(1) 2012: 2-8

 


How to Cite: Corea, E. et al., (2012). Melioidosis in Sri Lanka: an emerging infection. Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2(1), pp.2–8. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v2i1.3801
Published on 31 Jan 2012.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus