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Japanese encephalitis virus infection in an endemic area: hospital based study 1998 to 2000

Authors:

HAKM Gunasekera ,

Senior Lecturer Dept. of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka, LK
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CP Senanayake,

Senior Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, Sri Lanka, LK
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L Mendis,

Emeritus Professor of Microbiology, University of Colombo, Chairperson, WHO-SEARO-ITAG, LK
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NP Sunil Chandra

University of Kelaniya, LK
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Abstract

Gampaha Deputy Provincial Director of Health Services division reported a large number of Japanese encephalitis cases during 1996 to 1997. Notified cases included unconfirmed and confirmed cases. A study to determine the true disease burden was considered necessary. Proportion of undifferentiated fever cases due to Japanese encephalitis virus varies in different populations and the Sri Lankan situation is not known. The objectives were to determine the proportion of undifferentiated fever cases and encephalitis cases due to Japanese encephalitis virus; and the case fatality rate and frequency of neurological sequelae in Japanese encephalitis, in a tertiary care hospital in Gampaha. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the paediatric and medicine units of the North Colombo Teaching Hospital, Ragama during 1998 to 2000. Ninety three randomly selected patients with a diagnosis of undifferentiated fever from whom paired sera could be collected and 32 patients suspected of encephalitis, which were not overtly due to mumps, measles or chicken-pox were included. The Armed Forces Research Institute in Medical Sciences Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for anti-Japanese encephalitis virus immunoglobulin M and G was used to confirm Japanese encephalitis virus infection. One of 93 (1.08%) undifferentiated fever cases was due to Japanese encephalitis virus infection. Eleven of 32 (34.38%) encephalitis cases had Japanese encephalitis virus infection and 3 (27.3%) had IgM antibodies to Japanese encephalitis virus in cerebrospinal fluid. Case fatality rate and sequelae at discharge were 11.1% each. Japanese encephalitis virus was an important cause of encephalitis in Gampaha during this period.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v2i1.3321

Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases Vol.2(1) 2012: 19-27

How to Cite: Gunasekera, H. et al., (2012). Japanese encephalitis virus infection in an endemic area: hospital based study 1998 to 2000. Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2(1), pp.19–27. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v2i1.3321
Published on 31 Jan 2012.
Peer Reviewed

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