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Preliminary survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices among nurses regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination

Authors:

W. C. R. Fonseka,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About W. C. R.
Faculty of Medical Sciences
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G. E. Ganhewa,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About G. E.
Faculty of Medical Sciences
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K. P. B. Guneratne,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About K. P. B.
Faculty of Medical Sciences
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A. S. Hapugalle,

Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About A. S.
MBBS undergraduate
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S. Nagarajah,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About S.
Faculty of Medical Sciences
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B. C. V. Senaratna,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About B. C. V.
Faculty of Medical Sciences
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K. M. Gunasekera

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About K. M.
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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Abstract

Health care workers are  at risk of influenza through occupational exposure. Uptake of influenza vaccine is poor even in countries where it is provided free. We sought to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and barriers for vaccination among nurses in Colombo. A cross sectional survey was carried out from February to March 2020 on 97 randomly selected nurses. Level of knowledge was measured using a scoring system. Only a few (n=7; 7.2%) nurses had been immunized against influenza. Overall knowledge regarding influenza and vaccines was average in most nurses (n=53; 55%). The majority (n=62; 63.9%) believed the vaccine was safe and 79.4% (n=77) were willing to be vaccinated if vaccine is provided free. However, 15 of these 77 (19.5%) were reluctant to be vaccinated annually. Identified barriers for vaccination were the perception that the vaccine was not essential, doubt about its efficacy, fear of vaccines and side effects. Knowledge should be improved, and misconceptions and fears need to be addressed through health education and promotion.

How to Cite: Fonseka, W.C.R., Ganhewa, G.E., Guneratne, K.P.B., Hapugalle, A.S., Nagarajah, S., Senaratna, B.C.V. and Gunasekera, K.M., 2021. Preliminary survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices among nurses regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination. Sri Lankan Journal of Infectious Diseases, 11(1), pp.32–37. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sljid.v11i1.8343
Published on 30 Apr 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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